The French word ancestre came to Castilian as ancestor. However,
in this sense, we cannot ignore the fact that this Gallic word is considered to
come, in turn, from a Latin formation such as “ancestor”.
the concept refers to an ancestor, ancestor or
predecessor. For example: "My girlfriend has Hungarian ancestors", "You
should respect the culture of your ancestors", "The young man was
embarrassed to discover that he has a Nazi ancestor".
An individual's ancestors are his or her upline
relatives: the great-great-grandparents, great-grandparents,
grandparents, and parents of an individual are therefore their ancestors. The
notion is usually used with reference to the most distant ancestors, which the
subject did not know.
Sometimes the idea is associated with a group of individuals
who, in some way, are linked to the person. The ancestors, in this framework,
can be a people, a clan, an ethnic
group or a tribe.
It must be established that in many families, in order to be able to know
their origin and history in depth, it is common to resort to the creation of
so-called family trees. These are documents where by means of a clear diagram
one comes to determine the oldest relatives that are known and, from these,
their marriages, their children, their brothers, their nephews and those others
In the same way, in order to have knowledge of the ancestors and even of
their power or the position they occupied, the so-called heraldic shields also
play an essential role.
Throughout history, it was common for ancestors to be revered and valued by
new generations. In fact, in various cultures there is an ancestor cult based on
the belief that deceased relatives subsist in a new dimension and can exert
influence in the underworld.
In today's world, however, positive values are often attributed to youth and
modernity. In this way, ancestors lose importance in cultural and social
If we focus on the field of biology, two specimens are said
to maintain a genetic link when they have a common ancestor or if one of these
individuals is the ancestor of the second.
It is curious to know that, although research continues on what is the origin
of humanity, the truth is that among the latest studies carried out, it has been
established that possibly the ancestor of all living things was a bacterium that
had less of 600 genes. This has been announced by a group of molecular
evolutionists who belong to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) of Bethesda
That bacterium, as they have exposed, is called LUCA. They have stated that
he had an autonomous life and that he had 572 genes, although his descendants
later increased these genes.