Anatomy originates from the Latin anatomy, which,
in turn, comes from a Greek term meaning “dissection”. The
concept allows us to name the analysis of the conformation, the state and the
links of the different sectors of the body of the human
being and of other living beings.
anatomy, therefore, studies the characteristics, location, and
interrelationships of the organs that are part of a living
organism. This discipline is in charge of developing a
descriptive analysis of living beings.
The first anatomical study dates from 1600 BC and is
recorded on an Egyptian papyrus. Through it is that we can know that this
ancient civilization had important knowledge regarding viscera and human
structure, although little did they know how each organ worked.
The one who increased knowledge in this branch was Aristotle,
in the 4th century BC. At that time the first dissections of human corpses were
carried out and, thanks to them, the functioning of the different parts of the organism could
Later, the Romans and the Arabs advanced a little more and, later, during the
Renaissance, new studies emerged that became known as modern anatomy that
was based, not only on the writings of a few thousand years ago but on actual
observation that various scientists carried out, including Andrés
Vesalio, one of the key representatives of this science.
According to its approach, it is possible to divide anatomy into clinical
or applied anatomy (links a diagnosis to a treatment), descriptive
or systematic anatomy (divides the organism into systems), regional
or topographic anatomy (appeals to spatial separations), anatomy
physiological or functional (focuses on organic functions) or pathological
anatomy (specialized in organ damage), among others.
In turn, according to the type of organisms studied by this science, it can
be called plant anatomy and animal anatomy.
Plant anatomy, also known as plant anatomy, is a branch of botany that is
responsible for studying the internal structure of species that belong to the
Plantae Kingdom. This science includes the study of organisms starting
at the cellular level and covering both tissues and bone
Animal anatomy, on the other hand, can be subdivided into human,
animal and comparative anatomy. The first two are those that study
each species (humans or other animals) according to the behavior of their cells
and organs. The comparative anatomy is the one that complements the first two
and allows establishing similarities and differences between different types of
living beings in the Animal Kingdom.
The human anatomy, as its name implies, is dedicated to the
study of the structures of the human body. In general, it is oriented to
knowledge about macroscopic structures, since other disciplines (such as histology or cytology)
are in charge of minor elements, such as cells or tissues. The
human body can be understood as an organization of structures at different
levels: molecules that form cells, cells that make up tissues, tissues that
establish organs, organs that are integrated into systems, etc.
It is worth mentioning that anatomy can also focus on the study of biological processes
such as the development of life (through the study of embryos) or the pathologies that
individuals of a species may suffer (studying diseased organs to detect patterns
of common diseases among living beings of the same).
On the other hand, there are also surgical anatomy (it is in
charge of studying the best ways to perform operations on the various organs)
and artistic anatomy (it is in charge of the anatomical issues
related to the representation of the human figure in art),
which allow connect anatomy with other activities. In turn, anatomy can be named
taking into account the techniques used for its study, such is the case of