There are so many types of analysis that focusing on a
single definition applicable across the board is very difficult. At a general
level, it can be said that an analysis consists of identifying the components of
a whole, separating them and examining them to gain access to its most basic
When talking about clinical analysis, mention is made of a
quantitative and qualitative level examination of certain components of an
organism. This examination allows to develop a diagnosis of a situation related
the distinction between qualitative analysis and quantitative
analysis refers to the type of data with which they work. While
quantitative analysis seeks to know quantities, qualitative analysis focuses on
characteristics that cannot be quantified.
A quantitative analysis of the components of a beverage may indicate that a
liter of said substance has 100 milliliters of component A, 450 milliliters of
component B and 450 milliliters of component C. The qualitative analysis, on the
other hand, may indicate that component A is sweet and helps improve flavor,
while components B and C provide acidity to quench the thirst of those who
consume the drink.
A genetic analysis aims to obtain information about the DNA of a person,
ancestor, possible congenital diseases and a series of other
data. It is usually done from a blood or saliva sample.
There are five types of genetic analysis:
Tracking: It allows obtaining information from an
individual to determine recessive genetic disturbances that can
be communicated through genes. It is usually carried out between couples who
want to have children and come from families with certain diseases to prevent
possible complications in said child.
Prenatal diagnosis: it is a genetic type test that is
carried out on the creatures before they are born; It is usually done when there
is a possibility that the baby is a carrier of a genetic disease, or presents
other problems such as mental retardation or some type of physical
Examination of the newborn: It allows us to know when the
child is barely born if he has any possibility of becoming ill and, in the event
that this study is positive, it allows us to search for treatments that are
available in order to anticipate the facts and prevent a catastrophe.
Late-onset disorders: It allows the discovery of illnesses
that are difficult to diagnose in adults, such as cancer or heart
diseases whose causes may be genetic but with environmental elements
that have led to them.
Any of these tests aims to obtain genetic information from a
person in order to prevent possible disorders or find
the appropriate treatment to treat an existing problem.
Another type of analysis can be risk analysis, which
consists of a methodology tool that is used to understand investments in a
field, whether local, national or international. It allows foreseeing certain
disasters and evaluating those damages or losses that have arisen as a
consequence of an external threat to a person or a group (municipalities,
For it to be carried out, it is essential to take into account not only
threats, but also the vulnerability of the affected sector. Once a detailed
study of the disaster and its consequences has been carried out, it is
determined what capacities the State has to face the reconstruction or healing
of the damages caused and whether it will need international cooperation for
this. In short, thanks to this tool you can not only understand an ecological
problem, to give an example, but you can also design an action plan to solve it
and prevent future similar problems. Finally, it should be noted that the main
purpose of risk analysis is to improve decision-making in order
to prioritize investments locally and nationally.
In statistics, there is a term in the concept of multivariate
analysis to the set of methods offered by statistics to break down the
values of different variables, taken by one or more groups and to establish
comparisons and generalizations. It is a method that offers elements
that univariate and bivariate methods do not possess and
therefore allows solving things from a more accurate statistical point of view,
essential in certain cases.
Having said all this, we will conclude by limiting that an analysis can also
be an evaluation, examination or investigation of
an intellectual work. The term is also used in reference to psychoanalytic
therapy when referring to the evaluation of patients.
Some phrases where the term appears may be: "We are going to have to
submit the patient to a toxicological analysis to find out why he came to the
clinic in this state", "The manager spent several hours analyzing the
report", "I think the analysis of the match made by the coach is very